A Comprehensive Guide to the CMR Agreement
The CMR agreement, also known as the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road, is an international treaty that establishes the legal framework for the transportation of goods by road between participating countries. The agreement was first signed in Geneva in 1956 and has since been ratified by more than 50 countries around the world. In this article, we`ll explore the key features of the CMR agreement and how they impact the transportation of goods by road.
Scope of the CMR Agreement
The CMR agreement covers the carriage of goods by road from one country to another, regardless of whether the transport is carried out by one or more carriers, under one or more contracts of carriage. The agreement applies to all types of goods, including both tangible and intangible items, such as machinery, furniture, and computer software.
The CMR agreement also establishes the liability of carriers for the loss, damage, or delay of goods during transportation. The carrier is responsible for the cargo from the moment it is handed over to them until it is delivered to the recipient.
Obligations of the Carrier
Under the CMR agreement, the carrier has several obligations that are designed to ensure the safe and efficient transportation of goods. These obligations include:
– Proper packing: The carrier must ensure that the goods are properly packed and labeled before transport.
– Timely delivery: The carrier is obligated to deliver the goods within the agreed timeframe.
– Safe transportation: The carrier must transport the goods safely, protecting them from damage and theft.
– Notification of delivery: The carrier must notify the recipient of the delivery of the goods.
Liability of the Carrier
The CMR agreement establishes the liability of carriers for the loss, damage, or delay of goods during transportation. The carrier`s liability is limited to a specific amount per kilogram of the gross weight of the goods lost, damaged, or delayed. This amount varies from country to country, but it is generally set at a minimum of 8.33 SDR per kilogram.
It is important to note that the carrier`s liability is limited only if they can prove that they took all necessary measures to prevent the loss, damage, or delay of the goods. If the carrier is found to be negligent, they may be held liable for the full value of the goods.
The CMR agreement is an essential component of international trade, providing a legal framework for the transportation of goods by road between participating countries. The agreement establishes the obligations of carriers, as well as their liability for the loss, damage, or delay of goods during transportation. As a professional, it is important to understand the key features of the CMR agreement to ensure that any articles or content related to international transportation and trade are accurate, informative, and optimized for search engines.